Russian teens (Numbers 11-19)

Дата: 03 Авг 2015 · Рубрики: Notes on the Russian language · Метки: , , , ,

Last time I was talking about numbers 1-10. Now let’s look at numbers from 10 to 20. In English eleven, and twelve have their own names and 13-19 come from numbers 3-9 plus ending “-teen” which means “ten”.

Russian numbers 11-19 are formed with the same rule. Russian “десять” has an ancient form “-цать” which is same as English “-teen”. One needs to add “-надцать” to the appropriate digit. The ending “-надцать” means “над цать” (“over ten” = “added on ten”)

teen_numbers11 – одиннадцать
12 – двенадцать
13 – тринадцать
14 – четырнадцать
15 – пятнадцать
16 – шестнадцать
17 – семнадцать
18 – восемнадцать
19 – девятнадцать

Please, note that numbers 5-9 loose their palatalization of the last sound, number 4 looses its last vowel sound and number 2 changes the vowel sound. All these changes are due to phonetics.

Note also that the sound ‘д‘ in “-надцать” is often omitted in fast speech. So you will hear:

“одинацать, двенацать, тринацать, четырнацать, пятнацать, шеснацать, семнацать, восемнацать, девятнацать”

In Eglish and Russian digits precede “ten” whereas in Korean “ten” precedes other digits :

11   열하나
12   열둘
13   열셋
14   열넷
15   열다섯
16   열여섯
17   열일곱
18   열여덟
19   열아홉

This is why Koreans (as well as other Asian people) can count faster in their minds than Europeans:)

You can practise pronouncing numbers with this video: (The video is not mine. I just found it)

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